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Flag of Angola

Ratio 2:3
Adoption 1975
Design It is split horizontally into an upper red half and a lower black half, and features a yellow half-gear crossed with a machete and crowned with a star. [0]


As in some other African countries, this flag is a modification of the ruling party's flag. The guerrilla movement and eventual governing party, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), used the same design with a golden star in the center. Red stood for socialism and black for Africa. The star was modeled after the red star of the Soviet Union, which sponsored the MPLA. Later the explanation was made less party-specific. [0]


The red is for the blood spilt by Angolans during their independence struggles, while the black is for the continent of Africa. The symbol in the middle is of a crossed cog wheel (representing workers and industry) and machete (representing the peasantry, agricultural production and the armed struggle) with a gold star. [0]