Flag of Argentina
|Design||A horizontal triband of light blue (top and bottom) and white with the yellow Sun of May charged in the center. |
The flag of Argentina was created by Manuel Belgrano during the Argentine War of Independence. While in Rosario he noticed that both the royalist and patriotic forces were using the same colors, Spain's yellow and red. After realizing this, Manuel Belgrano created the Cockade of Argentina, which was approved by the First Triumvirate on February 18, 1812. Encouraged by this success, he created a flag of the same colours nine days later. It used the colors that were used by the Criollos during the May Revolution in 1810.
The flag would be finally declared the national flag by the Congress of Tucumán on July 20, 1816, shortly after the declaration of independence. The proposal was made by the deputy Juan José Paso and the text written by the deputy of Charcas, José Serrano. On February 25, 1818, the Congress (now working at Buenos Aires) included the Sun of May in the War flag, after the proposal of deputy Chorroarín. The sun was copied after the one that the first Argentine coin featured in 1813. It was subsequently decided to keep it as part of the regular flag afterwards, and thus the sun no longer represents war.
There are several theories about the exact design raised by Manuel Belgrano on February 27th, 1812. The same happens with the reason why he chose the colors (white and sky blue). 
However, historians usually disregard this idea, and attribute them to loyalty towards the House of Bourbon. 
According to the CIA World Factbook, the colors of the flag represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes, the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence. Besides the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.