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Vexillopedia

Flag of Australia

Australia
Ratio 1:2
Adoption 1903
Design A Blue Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star (also known as the Federation Star) in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half. [0]
Colors
#00008B
#FF0000
#FFFFFF

History

The flag's original design (with a six-pointed Commonwealth Star) was chosen in 1901 from entries in a competition held by the Melbourne Herald following Federation in which entries were required to include the Union Flag and Southern Cross, resulting in a British Ensign style flag, and was first flown in Melbourne on 3 September 1901, the date proclaimed as Australian National Flag Day. A slightly different design was approved by King Edward VII in 1903. The seven-pointed commonwealth star version was introduced by a proclamation dated 23 February 1908. [0]

Meaning

The flag is blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large seven-pointed star in the lower hoist-side quadrant known as the Commonwealth or Federation Star, representing the federation of the colonies of Australia in 1901; the star depicts one point for each of the six original states and one representing all of Australia's internal and external territories; on the fly half is a representation of the Southern Cross constellation in white with one small, five-pointed star and four larger, seven-pointed stars. [1]