Flag of Kansas
|Design||Seal of Kansas on a field of azure. A sunflower is displayed above the seal and the word "Kansas" below. |
The flag of Kansas was designed in 1925. Officially adopted by the Kansas State Legislature in 1927 and modified in 1961 (the word "Kansas" was added below the seal in gold block lettering). First flown at Fort Riley by Governor Benjamin S. Paulen in 1927 for the troops at Fort Riley and for the Kansas National Guard.
From 1925 to 1927, Kansas used a state banner instead of a flag. The Kansas state banner, which consisted of a large sunflower and the word "Kansas" on a blue field, was intended to be hung from a horizontal bar, rather than a vertical flag pole. It was given a unique design to avoid "competition" with the United States flag. However, after the banner was rejected for display in Washington, D.C., and generated complaints for its awkward method of hanging, the state legislature adopted a state flag that saw the addition of the word "Kansas" at the bottom in 1961 but has otherwise retained its original design. 
The state seal centered on the flag tells the history of Kansas and his figures representing pioneer life. The seal contains: a landscape with a rising sun (the east), a river and steamboat (commerce), a settler's cabin and a man plowing a field (agriculture), a wagon train heading west (American expansion), Indians hunting American Bison (the buffalo are fleeing from the Indians), a cluster of 34 stars (top of the seal) and the State motto "Ad Astra per Aspera" - Latin : "To the Stars through Difficulties" (above the stars).
The thirty-four stars clustered at the top of the seal identify Kansas as the 34th state to be accepted into the Union of the United States.