Flag of Mali
|Design||A vertical tricolor of green, gold and red. |
The current flag was adopted on March 1, 1961. The original flag was adopted on April 4, 1959, when Mali joined the Mali Federation. This flag was the same, except the golden stripe had a human stick figure, a kanaga, in black, with arms raised to the sky. The figure was removed due to the opposition, in a country whose population is 90% Muslim, of Islamic fundamentalists (see Aniconism in Islam, the belief against making pictures of the human figure). 
The green stands for fertility of the land, gold means purity and mineral wealth and lastly red symbolizes the blood shed for independence from the French.