Flag of North Korea
|Design||A wide red stripe at the center, bordered by a narrow white stripe both above and below, followed by a blue stripe. The central red stripe carries a five-pointed red star within a white circle near the hoist. |
The flag was adopted when the northern portion of Korea became a socialist republic supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union following the restoration of independence of Korea and the surrender of the Empire of Japan. The flag itself was designed in the Soviet Union and formally replaced the previous one in July 1948. 
The red stripe expresses revolutionary traditions. The two blue stripes stand for sovereignty, peace and friendship. The white stripes symbolize purity. The North Korean flag's prominent red star is a universal symbol of communism, although since the flag's adoption, the application of the Marxist-Leninist-natured philosophy of Juche has replaced communist authority as the state's guiding ideology, and references to Communism have been systematically removed from the country's constitution and legal documents.
The website of the Korean Friendship Association indicates, on the contrary, the red star represents revolutionary traditions, the red panel is indicative of the patriotism and determination of the Korean people. The white stripes symbolizes the unified nation and its culture. The blue stripes represent unity.