Flag of United Arab Emirates
|Design||Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side. |
The flag of the United Arab Emirates was adopted on December 2, 1971.
Each of the seven emirates within the United Arab Emirates has its own flag, except for Fujairah, which uses the federal flag as state flag too.
The flags are derived from the red flags traditionally used by the different Arab emirates around the Persian Gulf. Under the protection of the British Empire from 1820, it was decided to add a white field at the hoist of the flag. The same basic pattern can be seen in the flag of Bahrain and the flag of Qatar, emirates who opted not to join the UAE when it was created in the 1970s. 
The flag incorporates all four Pan-Arab colors, which in this case represent fertility (green), neutrality (white), petroleum resources (black), and unity (red). Red was the traditional color incorporated into all flags of the emirates before their unification.